The words 'dog urinary tract infection' seem ominous and threatening. Dog owners who are not familiar with the term will want to know more about this disease, especially its symptoms and the recommended treatment for it. In general, female dogs seem to develop this problem more commonly than do male dogs, and it is associated with the increased frequency of urination, painful urination, and even blockage of the lower urinary tract necessitating surgery.
Development of the problem: A normal healthy bladder contains just the excretory fluids (urine), with dissolved or suspended waste matter and salts. However, bacteria can enter the dog's body through its genital area.
In the case of female dogs, there is easier access for the bacteria, and also the chance for the organisms to remain and collect easily in the dog's vagina. It is usually the prostrate which is the source of similar issues for male dogs.
Once the bacteria establish themselves in the lower urinary tract of dogs, the infection called dog urinary tract infection begins to cause problems, resulting in increasing inflammation in this area. It can mean the possibility of infection spreading to other areas of the body.
In the initial phase of the infection, it may not be apparent that your pet is suffering. At this stage, the pet's own immune system can take care of the problem and halt the spread of infection.
If your pet's immune system or own defences are compromised because of its diet or lifestyle, the bacteria may begin to flourish, and the problem develops into a full-blown dog urinary tract infection, with observable signs such as blood in the urine and the inability to control urination. If neglected at this stage, an affected dog will become very ill. A dog UTI thus requires the immediate attention of a vet
Dog owners can help their pets by keeping track of their well-being and behaviour. The first signs in pets may be increased thirst with a greater frequency in urination. Later, and more warning symptoms can be that your pet has difficulty in urinating or experiences discomfort at the time of urination.
At this point it is best to get the problem diagnosed to rule out any other sort of canine illness. Vets will request a laboratory urinalysis done, from which the infection is clearly identified. The technicians also identify unusual constituents, such as pus or crystals.
A vet uses lab reports to fix on the source of the problem such as the diet or a history of UTI in the pet., As well as to prescribe medication. Different antibiotics are generally prescribed at this point, including Zeniquin, Primor, or Naxcel. The patients have to take these continuously for up to three weeks
It is important for pet owners to take note of the recommendations that they may get for changing their pet's habits. Seeing that their dog has enough good clean drinking water may be a first step. More trips outside for dogs will also help in flushing out the bladder regularly and preventing infection.